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Panama:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Panama Page


Other pages in this profile of Panama:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
no regular military forces; Panamanian Public Forces or PPF includes the Panamanian National Police (PNP), National Maritime Service (NMS), and National Air Service (NAS) (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 851,044 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 673,103 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 30,348 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1% (2006)
Military - note
Definition
on 10 February 1990, the government of then President ENDARA abolished Panama's military and reformed the security apparatus by creating the Panamanian Public Forces; in October 1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly approved a constitutional amendment prohibiting the creation of a standing military force but allowing the temporary establishment of special police units to counter acts of "external aggression"
Disputes - international
Definition
organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia operate within the remote border region with Panama
Trafficking in persons
Definition
current situation: Panama is a source, transit, and destination country for women and children trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation; the majority of victims are Panamanian women and children trafficked within the country into the sex trade; rural children in Panama may be trafficked internally to urban areas for labor exploitation
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Panama is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly with respect to prosecuting, convicting, and sentencing human traffickers for their crimes, and for failing to provide adequate victim assistance (2008)
Illicit drugs
Definition
major cocaine transshipment point and primary money-laundering center for narcotics revenue; money-laundering activity is especially heavy in the Colon Free Zone; offshore financial center; negligible signs of coca cultivation; monitoring of financial transactions is improving; official corruption remains a major problem


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