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Peru:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Peru Page


Other pages in this profile of Peru:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Peruvian Army (Ejercito Peruano), Peruvian Navy (Marina de Guerra del Peru, MGP (includes naval air, naval infantry, and coast guard)), Peruvian Air Force (Fuerza Aerea del Peru, FAP) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18-30 years of age for voluntary male and female military service; no conscription (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 7,653,898
females age 16-49: 7,531,329 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 5,796,449
females age 16-49: 6,217,524 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 306,260
females age 16-49: 296,819 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.5% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
Chile and Ecuador rejected Peru's November 2005 unilateral legislation to shift the axis of their joint treaty-defined maritime boundaries along the parallels of latitude to equidistance lines which favor Peru; organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia have penetrated Peru's shared border; Peru rejects Bolivia's claim to restore maritime access through a sovereign corridor through Chile along the Peruvian border
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
IDPs: 60,000-150,000 (civil war from 1980-2000; most IDPs are indigenous peasants in Andean and Amazonian regions) (2007)
Illicit drugs
Definition
until 1996 the world's largest coca leaf producer, Peru is now the world's second largest producer of coca leaf, though it lags far behind Colombia; cultivation of coca in Peru rose to 37,000 hectares in 2006; second largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 245 metric tons potential pure cocaine in 2006; finished cocaine is shipped out from Pacific ports to the international drug market; increasing amounts of base and finished cocaine, however, are being moved to Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and Bolivia for use in the Southern Cone or transshipment to Europe and Africa; increasing domestic drug consumption


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