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Nepal:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Nepal Page


Other pages in this profile of Nepal:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Nepalese Army, Armed Police Force (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for voluntary military service; 15 years of age for military training; no conscription (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 7,322,965
females age 16-49: 6,859,064 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 5,146,958
females age 16-49: 4,724,495 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 335,747
females age 16-49: 312,297 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.6% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
joint border commission continues to work on contested sections of boundary with India, including the 400 square kilometer dispute over the source of the Kalapani River; India has instituted a stricter border regime to restrict transit of Maoist insurgents and illegal cross-border activities; approximately 106,000 Bhutanese Lhotshampas (Hindus) have been confined in refugee camps in southeastern Nepal since 1990
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
refugees (country of origin): 107,803 (Bhutan); 20,153 (Tibet/China)
IDPs: 50,000-70,000 (remaining from ten-year Maoist insurgency that officially ended in 2006; displacement spread across the country) (2007)
Illicit drugs
Definition
illicit producer of cannabis and hashish for the domestic and international drug markets; transit point for opiates from Southeast Asia to the West


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