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Mozambique:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Mozambique Page


Other pages in this profile of Mozambique:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Mozambique Armed Defense Forces (FADM): Mozambique Army, Mozambique Navy (Marinha Mocambique, MM), Mozambique Air Force (Forca Aerea de Mocambique, FAM) (2006)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18-30 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation (2006)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 4,545,975 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 2,287,526 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 257,261 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
0.8% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
none
Trafficking in persons
Definition
current situation: Mozambique is a source and, to a much lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation; the use of forced and bonded child laborers is a common practice in Mozambique's rural areas; women and girls are trafficked from rural to urban areas of Mozambique, as well as to South Africa, for domestic servitude and commercial sexual exploitation; young men and boys are trafficked to South Africa for farm work and mining
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for the second consecutive year, Mozambique is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007; while the government conducted investigations into cases of human trafficking, there were no prosecutions or convictions of traffickers; government efforts to protect victims of trafficking continued to suffer from limited resources and a lack of political commitment (2008)
Illicit drugs
Definition
southern African transit point for South Asian hashish and heroin, and South American cocaine probably destined for the European and South African markets; producer of cannabis (for local consumption) and methaqualone (for export to South Africa); corruption and poor regulatory capability makes the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center


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