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Military & Transnational Issues

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Mozambique Page

Other pages in this profile of Mozambique:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Mozambique Armed Defense Forces (FADM): Mozambique Army, Mozambique Navy (Marinha Mocambique, MM), Mozambique Air Force (Forca Aerea de Mocambique, FAM) (2006)
Military service age and obligation
18-30 years of age for compulsory military service; 2-year service obligation (2006)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 4,545,975 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 2,287,526 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
males age 16-49: 257,261 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
0.8% (2006)
Disputes - international
Trafficking in persons
current situation: Mozambique is a source and, to a much lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and sexual exploitation; the use of forced and bonded child laborers is a common practice in Mozambique's rural areas; women and girls are trafficked from rural to urban areas of Mozambique, as well as to South Africa, for domestic servitude and commercial sexual exploitation; young men and boys are trafficked to South Africa for farm work and mining
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for the second consecutive year, Mozambique is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking in 2007; while the government conducted investigations into cases of human trafficking, there were no prosecutions or convictions of traffickers; government efforts to protect victims of trafficking continued to suffer from limited resources and a lack of political commitment (2008)
Illicit drugs
southern African transit point for South Asian hashish and heroin, and South American cocaine probably destined for the European and South African markets; producer of cannabis (for local consumption) and methaqualone (for export to South Africa); corruption and poor regulatory capability makes the banking system vulnerable to money laundering, but the lack of a well-developed financial infrastructure limits the country's utility as a money-laundering center

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