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Morocco:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Morocco Page


Other pages in this profile of Morocco:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Royal Armed Forces (Forces Armees Royales, FAR): Royal Moroccan Army (includes Air Defense), Navy (includes Marines), Royal Moroccan Air Force (Al Quwwat al Jawyiya al Malakiya Marakishiya; Force Aerienne Royale Marocaine) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for compulsory and voluntary military service; conscript service obligation - 18 months (2004)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 9,152,580
females age 16-49: 9,080,830 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 7,627,988
females age 16-49: 7,754,873 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 355,479
females age 16-49: 343,016 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
5% (2003 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
claims and administers Western Sahara whose sovereignty remains unresolved - UN-administered cease-fire has remained in effect since September 1991, but attempts to hold a referendum have failed and parties thus far have rejected all brokered proposals; Morocco protests Spain's control over the coastal enclaves of Ceuta, Melilla, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera, the islands of Penon de Alhucemas and Islas Chafarinas, and surrounding waters; discussions have not progressed on a comprehensive maritime delimitation, setting limits on resource exploration and refugee interdiction, since Morocco's 2002 rejection of Spain's unilateral designation of a median line from the Canary Islands; Morocco serves as one of the primary launching areas of illegal migration into Spain from North Africa
Illicit drugs
Definition
one of the world's largest producers of illicit hashish; shipments of hashish mostly directed to Western Europe; transit point for cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe; significant consumer of cannabis


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