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South Korea:
Military & Transnational Issues

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South Korea Page


Other pages in this profile of South Korea:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Republic of Korea Army, Navy (includes Marine Corps), Air Force (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
20-30 years of age for compulsory military service; conscript service obligation - 24-28 months, depending on the military branch involved (to be reduced to 18 months beginning 2016); 18 years of age for voluntary military service; women, in service since 1950, admitted to 7 service branches, including infantry, but excluded from artillery, armor, anti-air, and chaplaincy corps; some 4,000 women serve as commissioned and noncommissioned officers, approx. 2.3% of all officers (2007)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 13,691,809
females age 16-49: 13,029,859 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 11,282,699
females age 16-49: 10,683,668 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 382,305
females age 16-49: 336,998 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
2.7% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
Military Demarcation Line within the 4-km wide Demilitarized Zone has separated North from South Korea since 1953; periodic incidents with North Korea in the Yellow Sea over the Northern Limiting Line, which South Korea claims as a maritime boundary; South Korea and Japan claim Liancourt Rocks (Tok-do/Take-shima), occupied by South Korea since 1954


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