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Kenya:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Kenya Page


Other pages in this profile of Kenya:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Kenyan Army, Kenyan Navy, Kenyan Air Force (2007)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age (est.) for voluntary service, with a 9-year obligation (2007)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 9,044,685
females age 16-49: 8,805,736 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 5,688,259
females age 16-49: 5,396,166 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
2.8% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
Kenya served as an important mediator in brokering Sudan's north-south separation in February 2005; Kenya provides shelter to almost a quarter of a million refugees, including Ugandans who flee across the border periodically to seek protection from Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) rebels; Kenya works hard to prevent the clan and militia fighting in Somalia from spreading across the border, which has long been open to nomadic pastoralists; the boundary that separates Kenya's and Sudan's sovereignty is unclear in the "Ilemi Triangle," which Kenya has administered since colonial times
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
refugees (country of origin): 173,702 (Somalia); 73,004 (Sudan); 16,428 (Ethiopia)
IDPs: 250,000-400,000 (2007 post-election violence; KANU attacks on opposition tribal groups in 1990s) (2007)
Illicit drugs
Definition
widespread harvesting of small plots of marijuana; transit country for South Asian heroin destined for Europe and North America; Indian methaqualone also transits on way to South Africa; significant potential for money-laundering activity given the country's status as a regional financial center; massive corruption, and relatively high levels of narcotics-associated activities


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