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Japan:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Other pages in this profile of Japan:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Japanese Ministry of Defense (MOD): Ground Self-Defense Force (Rikujou Jietai, GSDF), Maritime Self-Defense Force (Kaijou Jietai, MSDF), Air Self-Defense Force (Koku Jieitai, ASDF) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for voluntary military service (2001)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 27,819,804
females age 16-49: 26,863,794 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 22.963 million
females age 16-49: 22,134,127 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 622,168
females age 16-49: 590,153 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
0.8% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
the sovereignty dispute over the islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, and Shikotan, and the Habomai group, known in Japan as the "Northern Territories" and in Russia as the "Southern Kuril Islands," occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia and claimed by Japan, remains the primary sticking point to signing a peace treaty formally ending World War II hostilities; Japan and South Korea claim Liancourt Rocks (Take-shima/Tok-do) occupied by South Korea since 1954; China and Taiwan dispute both Japan's claims to the uninhabited islands of the Senkaku-shoto (Diaoyu Tai) and Japan's unilaterally declared exclusive economic zone in the East China Sea, the site of intensive hydrocarbon prospecting


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