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Military & Transnational Issues

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Iraq Page

Other pages in this profile of Iraq:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Iraqi Armed Forces: Iraqi Army (includes Iraqi Special Operations Force, Iraqi Intervention Force), Iraqi Navy (former Iraqi Coastal Defense Force), Iraqi Air Force (former Iraqi Army Air Corps) (2005)
Military service age and obligation
18-40 years of age for voluntary military service (2006)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 7,086,200
females age 16-49: 6,808,954 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 6,019,795
females age 16-49: 5,878,905 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
males age 16-49: 302,926
females age 16-49: 294,747 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
8.6% (2006)
Disputes - international
coalition forces assist Iraqis in monitoring internal and cross-border security; approximately two million Iraqis have fled the conflict in Iraq, with the majority taking refuge in Syria and Jordan, and lesser numbers to Egypt, Lebanon, Iran, and Turkey; Iraq's lack of a maritime boundary with Iran prompts jurisdiction disputes beyond the mouth of the Shatt al Arab in the Persian Gulf; Turkey has expressed concern over the autonomous status of Kurds in Iraq
Refugees and internally displaced persons
refugees (country of origin): 10,000-15,000 (Palestinian Territories); 11,773 (Iran); 16,832 (Turkey)
IDPs: 2.4 million (ongoing US-led war and ethno-sectarian violence) (2007)

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