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Greece:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Greece Page


Other pages in this profile of Greece:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Hellenic Army (Ellinikos Stratos, ES), Hellenic Navy (Ellinikos Polemiko Navtiko, EPN), Hellenic Air Force (Elliniki Polimiki Aeroporia, EPA) (2007)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for compulsory military service; during wartime the law allows for recruitment beginning January of the year of inductee's 18th birthday, thus including 17 year olds; 17 years of age for volunteers; conscript service obligation - 12 months for the Army, Air Force; 15 months for Navy; women are eligible for voluntary military service (2007)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 2,535,174
females age 16-49: 2,517,273 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 2,084,469
females age 16-49: 2,065,956 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 53,858
females age 16-49: 50,488 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
4.3% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
Greece and Turkey continue discussions to resolve their complex maritime, air, territorial, and boundary disputes in the Aegean Sea; Cyprus question with Turkey; Greece rejects the use of the name Macedonia or Republic of Macedonia; the mass migration of unemployed Albanians still remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly Greece and Italy
Illicit drugs
Definition
a gateway to Europe for traffickers smuggling cannabis and heroin from the Middle East and Southwest Asia to the West and precursor chemicals to the East; some South American cocaine transits or is consumed in Greece; money laundering related to drug trafficking and organized crime


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