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Estonia:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Other pages in this profile of Estonia:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Estonian Defense Forces: Land Force, Navy, Air Force (Eesti Ohuvagi), Volunteer Defense League (Kaitseliit, KL) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
compulsory military service for men between 19 and 28; conscription lasts 11 months for junior NCOs and reserve platoon leaders; reserve officers and designated specialists have a different conscript service obligation; Estonia has committed to retaining conscription for men up to 2010 and, unlike Latvia and Lithuania, has no plan to transition to a contract armed forces; 17 years of age for volunteers; reserve commitment up to the age of 60 (2006)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 306,273
females age 16-49: 317,852 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 218,448
females age 16-49: 264,187 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 8,322
females age 16-49: 7,846 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
2% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
Russia recalled its signature to the 1996 technical border agreement with Estonia in 2005, rather than concede to Estonia's appending prepared a unilateral declaration referencing Soviet occupation and territorial losses; Russia demands better accommodation of Russian-speaking population in Estonia; Estonian citizen groups continue to press for realignment of the boundary based on the 1920 Tartu Peace Treaty that would bring the now divided ethnic Setu people and parts of the Narva region within Estonia; as a member state that forms part of the EU's external border, Estonia must implement the strict Schengen border rules with Russia
Illicit drugs
Definition
growing producer of synthetic drugs; increasingly important transshipment zone for cannabis, cocaine, opiates, and synthetic drugs since joining the European Union and the Schengen Accord; potential money laundering related to organized crime and drug trafficking is a concern, as is possible use of the gambling sector to launder funds; major use of opiates and ecstasy


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