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Ecuador:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Ecuador Page


Other pages in this profile of Ecuador:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Army, Navy (includes Naval Infantry, Naval Aviation, Coast Guard), Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana, FAE) (2007)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
20 years of age for selective conscript military service; 12-month service obligation (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 3,536,602
females age 16-49: 3,559,188 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 3,030,664
females age 16-49: 3,037,892 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 144,821
females age 16-49: 139,091 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
2.8% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia penetrate across Ecuador's shared border, which thousands of Colombians also cross to escape the violence in their home country
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
refugees (country of origin): 11,526 (Colombia); note - UNHCR estimates as many as 250,000 Columbians are seeking asylum in Ecuador, many of whom do not register as refugees for fear of deportation (2007)
Illicit drugs
Definition
significant transit country for cocaine originating in Colombia and Peru, with over half of the US-bound cocaine passing through Ecuadorian Pacific waters; importer of precursor chemicals used in production of illicit narcotics; attractive location for cash-placement by drug traffickers laundering money because of dollarization and weak anti-money-laundering regime; increased activity on the northern frontier by trafficking groups and Colombian insurgents


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