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Costa Rica:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Other pages in this profile of Costa Rica:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
no regular military forces; Ministry of Public Security, Government, and Police (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 1,134,205
females age 16-49: 1,095,763 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 958,013
females age 16-49: 925,727 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 40,767
females age 16-49: 38,899 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
0.4% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
the ICJ has given Costa Rica until January 2008 to reply and Nicaragua until July 2008 to rejoin before rendering its decision on the navigation, security, and commercial rights of Costa Rican vessels on the Ro San Juan over which Nicaragua retains sovereignty
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
refugees (country of origin): 9,699-11,500 (Colombia) (2007)
Trafficking in persons
Definition
current situation: Costa Rica is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children trafficked for the purposes of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor; women and girls from neighboring states, Russia, Uzbekistan, and the Philippines are trafficked into the country for sexual exploitation; Costa Rica also serves as a transit point for victims trafficked to North America and Europe; the government identifies child sex tourism as a serious problem; men, women, and children are also trafficked within the country for forced labor in fishing and construction, and as domestic servants
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Costa Rica is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat human trafficking, particularly in terms of its failure to improve its inadequate assistance to victims; while Costa Rican officials recognize human trafficking as a serious problem, the lack of a stronger response by the government is of concern (2008)
Illicit drugs
Definition
transshipment country for cocaine and heroin from South America; illicit production of cannabis in remote areas; domestic cocaine consumption, particularly crack cocaine, is rising; significant consumption of amphetamines


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