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Congo:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Congo Page


Other pages in this profile of the Congo:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Congolese Armed Forces (Forces Armees Congolaises, FAC): Army, Navy, Congolese Air Force (Armee de l'Air Congolaise), Gendarmerie, Special Presidential Security Guard (GSSP) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for voluntary military service; women allowed to serve (2007)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 842,771
females age 16-49: 833,624 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 519,296
females age 16-49: 509,564 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 45,671
females age 16-49: 45,248 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
3.1% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
the location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Democratic Republic of the Congo is indefinite except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
refugees (country of origin): 46,341 (Democratic Republic of Congo); 6,564 (Rwanda)
IDPs: 48,000 (multiple civil wars since 1992; most IDPs are ethnic Lari) (2007)
Trafficking in persons
Definition
current situation: Republic of the Congo is a source and destination country for children trafficked for the purposes of forced labor and commercial sexual exploitation; girls are trafficked from rural areas within the country for commercial sexual exploitation, forced street vending, and domestic servitude; children are trafficked from other African countries for domestic servitude, forced market vending, and forced labor in the fishing industry
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Republic of the Congo is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to show evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007; struggling to recover from six years of civil conflict that ended in 2003, the Republic of the Congo's capacity to address trafficking is handicapped; the government neither monitors its borders for trafficking activity nor provides specialized anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials; the government does not encourage victims to assist in trafficking investigations or prosecutions, and has not taken measures to reduce demand for commercial sex acts in the Republic of the Congo (2008)


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