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Sri Lanka:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Sri Lanka Page


Other pages in this profile of Sri Lanka:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Sri Lanka Army, Sri Lanka Navy, Sri Lanka Air Force (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for voluntary military service (2007)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 5,458,720
females age 16-49: 5,594,006 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 4,477,437
females age 16-49: 4,683,716 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 174,065
females age 16-49: 168,593 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
2.6% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
none
Refugees and internally displaced persons
Definition
IDPs: 460,000 (both Tamils and non-Tamils displaced due to long-term civil war between the government and the separatist Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)) (2007)
Trafficking in persons
Definition
current situation: Sri Lanka is a source and destination country for men and women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude and commercial sexual exploitation; Sri Lankan men and women migrate willingly to the Persian Gulf, Middle East, and East Asia to work as construction workers, domestic servants, or garment factory workers, where some find themselves in situations of involuntary servitude when faced with restrictions on movement, withholding of passports, threats, physical or sexual abuse, and debt bondage; children are trafficked internally for commercial sexual exploitation and, less frequently, for forced labor
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - for a second consecutive year, Sri Lanka is on the Tier 2 Watch List for failing to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat severe forms of human trafficking, particularly in the area of law enforcement; the government failed to arrest, prosecute, or convict any person for trafficking offenses and continued to punish some victims of trafficking for crimes committed as a result of being trafficked; Sri Lanka has not ratified the 2000 UN TIP Protocol (2008)


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