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Bolivia:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Bolivia Page


Other pages in this profile of Bolivia:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Bolivian Armed Forces: Bolivian Army (Ejercito Boliviano), Bolivian Navy (Armada Boliviana; includes marines), Bolivian Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Boliviana, FAB) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
18 years of age for 12-month compulsory military service; when annual number of volunteers falls short of goal, compulsory recruitment is effected, including conscription of boys as young as 14; 15-19 years of age for voluntary premilitary service, provides exemption from further military service (2008)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 2,295,746
females age 16-49: 2,366,828 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 1,600,219
females age 16-49: 1,815,514 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 107,051
females age 16-49: 103,620 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.9% (2006)
Disputes - international
Definition
Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim to restore the Atacama corridor, ceded to Chile in 1884, but Chile offers instead unrestricted but not sovereign maritime access through Chile for Bolivian natural gas and other commodities; an accord placed the long-disputed Isla Suárez/Ilha de Guajará-Mirim, a fluvial island on the Río Mamoré, under Bolivian administration in 1958, but sovereignty remains in dispute
Illicit drugs
Definition
world's third-largest cultivator of coca (after Colombia and Peru) with an estimated 25,800 hectares under cultivation in 2006, stable when compared to 2005; third largest producer of cocaine, estimated at 115 metric tons potential pure cocaine in 2006; transit country for Peruvian and Colombian cocaine destined for Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, and Europe; cultivation generally increasing since 2000, despite eradication and alternative crop programs; weak border controls; some money-laundering activity related to narcotics trade, especially along the borders with Brazil and Paraguay; major cocaine consumption


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