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Bosnia and Herzegovina:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Bosnia and Herzegovina Page

Other pages in this profile of Bosnia and Herzegovina:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Bosnia and Herzegovina Armed Forces (OSBiH): Army of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Air and Air Defense Forces of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Zrakoplovstvo i Protuzracna Obrana, ZPO) (2007)
Military service age and obligation
17 years of age for voluntary military service in the Federation and in the Republika Srpska; conscription abolished January 2006; 4-month service obligation (2006)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 1,212,007
females age 16-49: 1,170,645 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 996,225
females age 16-49: 962,927 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
males age 16-49: 30,246
females age 16-49: 28,189 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
4.5% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
sections along the Drina River remain in dispute between Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia; discussions continue with Croatia on several small disputed sections of the boundary related to maritime access that hinder final ratification of the 1999 border agreement
Refugees and internally displaced persons
refugees (country of origin): 7,269 (Croatia)
IDPs: 131,600 (Bosnian Croats, Serbs, and Muslims displaced in 1992-95 war) (2007)
Illicit drugs
increasingly a transit point for heroin being trafficked to Western Europe; minor transit point for marijuana; remains highly vulnerable to money-laundering activity given a primarily cash-based and unregulated economy, weak law enforcement, and instances of corruption

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