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Albania:
Military & Transnational Issues

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Albania Page


Other pages in this profile of Albania:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Definition
Land Forces Command (Army), Naval Forces Command, Air Defense Command, General Staff Headquarters (includes Logistics Command, Training and Doctrine Command) (2007)
Military service age and obligation
Definition
19 years of age (2004)
Manpower available for military service
Definition
males age 16-49: 944,592
females age 16-49: 908,527 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 798,454
females age 16-49: 767,143 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
Definition
males age 16-49: 36,340
females age 16-49: 33,077 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.49% (2005 est.)
Disputes - international
Definition
the Albanian Government calls for the protection of the rights of ethnic Albanians in neighboring countries, and the peaceful resolution of interethnic disputes; some ethnic Albanian groups in neighboring countries advocate for a "greater Albania," but the idea has little appeal among Albanian nationals; the mass emigration of unemployed Albanians remains a problem for developed countries, chiefly Greece and Italy
Trafficking in persons
Definition
current situation: Albania is a source country for women and girls trafficked for the purpose of commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor; it is no longer considered a major country of transit; Albanian victims are trafficked to Greece, Italy, Macedonia, and Kosovo, with many trafficked onward to Western European countries; children were also trafficked to Greece for begging and other forms of child labor; approximately half of all Albanian trafficking victims are under age 18; internal sex trafficking of women and children is on the rise
tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List - Albania is on the Tier 2 Watch List for its failure to provide evidence of increasing efforts to combat trafficking in persons in 2007, particularly in the area of victim protection; the government did not appropriately identify trafficking victims during 2007, and has not demonstrated that it is vigorously investigating or prosecuting complicit officials (2008)
Illicit drugs
Definition
increasingly active transshipment point for Southwest Asian opiates, hashish, and cannabis transiting the Balkan route and - to a lesser extent - cocaine from South America destined for Western Europe; limited opium and growing cannabis production; ethnic Albanian narcotrafficking organizations active and expanding in Europe; vulnerable to money laundering associated with regional trafficking in narcotics, arms, contraband, and illegal aliens


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