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Military & Transnational Issues

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Afghanistan Page

Other pages in this profile of Afghanistan:
Geography, People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation,
Military branches
Afghan Armed Forces: Afghan National Army (ANA, includes Afghan National Army Air Corps) (2008)
Military service age and obligation
22 years of age; inductees are contracted into service for a 4-year term (2005)
Manpower available for military service
males age 16-49: 7,431,147
females age 16-49: 7,004,819 (2008 est.)
Manpower fit for military service
Definition - World rank and map
males age 16-49: 4,234,180
females age 16-49: 3,946,685 (2008 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually
males age 16-49: 371,451
females age 16-49: 351,295 (2008 est.)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP
Definition - World rank and map
1.9% (2006 est.)
Disputes - international
Pakistan has built fences in some portions of its border with Afghanistan which remains open in some areas to foreign terrorists and other illegal activities
Refugees and internally displaced persons
IDPs: 132,246 (mostly Pashtuns and Kuchis displaced in south and west due to drought and instability) (2007)
Illicit drugs
world's largest producer of opium; poppy cultivation increased 17% to a near-record 202,000 hectares in 2007; good growing conditions pushed potential opium production to a record 8,000 metric tons, up 42% from last year; if the entire opium crop were processed, 947 metric tons of heroin potentially could be produced; drug trade is a source of instability and the Taliban and other antigovernment groups participate in and profit from the drug trade; widespread corruption impedes counterdrug efforts; most of the heroin consumed in Europe and Eurasia is derived from Afghan opium; vulnerable to drug money laundering through informal financial networks; regional source of hashish

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