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Gibraltar:
Government

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Gibraltar Page


Country name
Definition
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Gibraltar
Dependency status
Definition
overseas territory of the UK
Government type
Definition
NA
Capital
Definition
name: Gibraltar
geographic coordinates: 36 08 N, 5 21 W
time difference: UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October
Administrative divisions
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Independence
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday
Definition
National Day, 10 September (1967); note - day of the national referendum to decide whether to remain with the UK or go with Spain
Constitution
Definition
5 June 2006; came into force 2 January 2007
Legal system
Definition
the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply
Suffrage
Definition
18 years of age; universal; and British citizens who have been residents six months or more
Executive branch
Definition
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Sir Robert FULTON (since 27 October 2006)
head of government: Chief Minister Peter CARUANA (since 17 May 1996)
cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed from among the 17 elected members of the Parliament by the governor in consultation with the chief minister
elections: the monarch is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed chief minister by the governor
Legislative branch
Definition
unicameral Parliament (18 seats: 17 members elected by popular vote, 1 for the Speaker appointed by Parliament; to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 11 October 2007 (next to be held not later than October 2011)
election results: percent of vote by party - GSD 49.3%, GSLP 31.8%, Gibraltar Liberal Party 13.6%; seats by party - GSD 10, GSLP 4, Gibraltar Liberal Party 3
Judicial branch
Definition
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal
Political parties and leaders
Definition
Gibraltar Liberal Party [Joseph GARCIA]; Gibraltar Social Democrats or GSD [Peter CARUANA]; Gibraltar Socialist Labor Party or GSLP [Joseph John BOSSANO]
Political pressure groups and leaders
Definition
Chamber of Commerce; Gibraltar Representatives Organization; Women's Association
International organization participation
Definition
Interpol (subbureau), UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK)
Flag description
Definition
two horizontal bands of white (top, double width) and red with a three-towered red castle in the center of the white band; hanging from the castle gate is a gold key centered in the red band


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