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Falkland Islands:
Government

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Falkland Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of the Falkland Islands:
Geography, People, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Country name
Definition
conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
Dependency status
Definition
overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina
Government type
Definition
NA
Capital
Definition
name: Stanley
geographic coordinates: 51 42 S, 57 51 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: +1hr, begins first Sunday in September; ends third Sunday in April
Administrative divisions
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Independence
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
National holiday
Definition
Liberation Day, 14 June (1982)
Constitution
Definition
3 October 1985; amended 1997 and 1998
Legal system
Definition
English common law
Suffrage
Definition
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch
Definition
chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952)
head of government: Governor Alan HUCKLE (since 25 August 2006); Chief Executive Dr. Tim THOROGOOD (since 3 January 2008)
cabinet: Executive Council; three members elected by the Legislative Council, two ex officio members (chief executive and the financial secretary), and the governor
elections: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch
Legislative branch
Definition
unicameral Legislative Council (10 seats; 2 members are ex officio and 8 are elected by popular vote; to serve four-year terms); presided over by the governor
elections: last held 17 November 2005 (next to be held in November 2009)
election results: percent of vote - NA; seats - independents 8
Judicial branch
Definition
Supreme Court (chief justice is a nonresident); Magistrates Court (senior magistrate presides over civil and criminal divisions); Court of Summary Jurisdiction
Political parties and leaders
Definition
none; all independents
Political pressure groups and leaders
Definition
Falkland Islands Association (supports freedom of the people from external causes)
International organization participation
Definition
UPU
Diplomatic representation in the US
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Diplomatic representation from the US
Definition
none (overseas territory of the UK; also claimed by Argentina)
Flag description
Definition
blue with the flag of the UK in the upper hoist-side quadrant and the Falkland Island coat of arms centered on the outer half of the flag; the coat of arms contains a white ram (sheep raising was once the major economic activity) above the sailing ship Desire (whose crew discovered the islands) with a scroll at the bottom bearing the motto DESIRE THE RIGHT


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