header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Wake Island:
Geography

Flag of Wake Island
Click to enlarge

Wake Island Page


Background
Definition
The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in 1940-41. In December 1941, the island was captured by the Japanese and held until the end of World War II. In subsequent years, Wake was developed as a stopover and refueling site for military and commercial aircraft transiting the Pacific. Since 1974, the island's airstrip has been used by the US military, as well as for emergency landings. All operations on the island were suspended and all personnel evacuated in August 2006 with the approach of super typhoon IOKE (category 5), which struck the island with sustained winds of 250 kph and a 6 m storm surge inflicting major damage. A US Air Force assessment and repair team returned to the island in September and restored limited function to the airfield and facilities. The future status of activities on the island will be determined upon completion of the survey and assessment.
Location
Definition
Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands
Geographic coordinates
Definition
19 17 N, 166 39 E
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 6.5 sq km
land: 6.5 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 11 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
19.3 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical
Terrain
Definition
atoll of three low coral islands, Peale, Wake, and Wilkes, built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 6 m
Natural resources
Definition
none
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
occasional typhoons
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; emergency landing location for transpacific flights


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com