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Wallis and Futuna:
Geography

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Wallis and Futuna Page


Other pages in this profile of Wallis and Futuna:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
The Futuna island group was discovered by the Dutch in 1616 and Wallis by the British in 1767, but it was the French who declared a protectorate over the islands in 1842. In 1959, the inhabitants of the islands voted to become a French overseas territory.
Location
Definition
Oceania, islands in the South Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates
Definition
13 18 S, 176 12 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 274 sq km
land: 274 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes Ile Uvea (Wallis Island), Ile Futuna (Futuna Island), Ile Alofi, and 20 islets
Area - comparative
Definition
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
129 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; hot, rainy season (November to April); cool, dry season (May to October); rains 2,500-3,000 mm per year (80% humidity); average temperature 26.6 degrees C
Terrain
Definition
volcanic origin; low hills
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mont Singavi 765 m
Natural resources
Definition
NEGL
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 7.14%
permanent crops: 35.71%
other: 57.15% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
deforestation (only small portions of the original forests remain) largely as a result of the continued use of wood as the main fuel source; as a consequence of cutting down the forests, the mountainous terrain of Futuna is particularly prone to erosion; there are no permanent settlements on Alofi because of the lack of natural fresh water resources
Geography - note
Definition
both island groups have fringing reefs


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