header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Namibia:
Geography

Flag of Namibia
Click to enlarge

Namibia Page


Background
Definition
South Africa occupied the German colony of South-West Africa during World War I and administered it as a mandate until after World War II, when it annexed the territory. In 1966 the Marxist South-West Africa People's Organization (SWAPO) guerrilla group launched a war of independence for the area that was soon named Namibia, but it was not until 1988 that South Africa agreed to end its administration in accordance with a UN peace plan for the entire region. Namibia has been governed by SWAPO since the country won independence in 1990. Hifikepunye POHAMBA was elected president in November 2004 in a landslide victory replacing Sam NUJOMA who led the country during its first 14 years of self rule.
Location
Definition
Southern Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and South Africa
Geographic coordinates
Definition
22 00 S, 17 00 E
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 825,418 sq km
land: 825,418 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly more than half the size of Alaska
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 3,936 km
border countries: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967 km, Zambia 233 km
Coastline
Definition
1,572 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
desert; hot, dry; rainfall sparse and erratic
Terrain
Definition
mostly high plateau; Namib Desert along coast; Kalahari Desert in east
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Konigstein 2,606 m
Natural resources
Definition
diamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish
note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0.99%
permanent crops: 0.01%
other: 99% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
80 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
45.5 cu km (1991)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.3 cu km/yr (24%/5%/71%)
per capita: 148 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
prolonged periods of drought
Environment - current issues
Definition
limited natural fresh water resources; desertification; wildlife poaching; land degradation has led to few conservation areas
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
first country in the world to incorporate the protection of the environment into its constitution; some 14% of the land is protected, including virtually the entire Namib Desert coastal strip


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com