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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines:
Geography

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Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Page


Other pages in this profile of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
Resistance by native Caribs prevented colonization on St. Vincent until 1719. Disputed between France and the United Kingdom for most of the 18th century, the island was ceded to the latter in 1783. Between 1960 and 1962, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines was a separate administrative unit of the Federation of the West Indies. Autonomy was granted in 1969 and independence in 1979.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, islands between the Caribbean Sea and North Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
Definition
13 15 N, 61 12 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344 sq km)
land: 389 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
84 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain
Definition
volcanic, mountainous
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: La Soufriere 1,234 m
Natural resources
Definition
hydropower, cropland
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 17.95%
permanent crops: 17.95%
other: 64.1% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
10 sq km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.01
per capita: 83 cu m/yr (1995)
Natural hazards
Definition
hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the island of Saint Vincent is a constant threat
Environment - current issues
Definition
pollution of coastal waters and shorelines from discharges by pleasure yachts and other effluents; in some areas, pollution is severe enough to make swimming prohibitive
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is comprised of 32 islands and cays


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