header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Burkina Faso:
Geography

Flag of Burkina Faso
Click to enlarge

Burkina Faso Page


Background
Definition
Burkina Faso (formerly Upper Volta) achieved independence from France in 1960. Repeated military coups during the 1970s and 1980s were followed by multiparty elections in the early 1990s. Current President Blaise COMPAORE came to power in a 1987 military coup and has won every election since then. Burkina Faso's high population density and limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens. Recent unrest in Cote d'Ivoire and northern Ghana has hindered the ability of several hundred thousand seasonal Burkinabe farm workers to find employment in neighboring countries.
Location
Definition
Western Africa, north of Ghana
Geographic coordinates
Definition
13 00 N, 2 00 W
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 274,200 sq km
land: 273,800 sq km
water: 400 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly larger than Colorado
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 3,193 km
border countries: Benin 306 km, Cote d'Ivoire 584 km, Ghana 549 km, Mali 1,000 km, Niger 628 km, Togo 126 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
tropical; warm, dry winters; hot, wet summers
Terrain
Definition
mostly flat to dissected, undulating plains; hills in west and southeast
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Mouhoun (Black Volta) River 200 m
highest point: Tena Kourou 749 m
Natural resources
Definition
manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 17.66%
permanent crops: 0.22%
other: 82.12% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
250 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
17.5 cu km (2001)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.8 cu km/yr (13%/1%/86%)
per capita: 60 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
recurring droughts
Environment - current issues
Definition
recent droughts and desertification severely affecting agricultural activities, population distribution, and the economy; overgrazing; soil degradation; deforestation
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked savanna cut by the three principal rivers of the Black, Red, and White Voltas


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com