header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Tunisia:
Geography

Flag of Tunisia
Click to enlarge

Tunisia Page


Background
Definition
Rivalry between French and Italian interests in Tunisia culminated in a French invasion in 1881 and the creation of a protectorate. Agitation for independence in the decades following World War I was finally successful in getting the French to recognize Tunisia as an independent state in 1956. The country's first president, Habib BOURGUIBA, established a strict one-party state. He dominated the country for 31 years, repressing Islamic fundamentalism and establishing rights for women unmatched by any other Arab nation. In November 1987, BOURGUIBA was removed from office and replaced by Zine el Abidine BEN ALI in a bloodless coup. BEN ALI is currently serving his fourth consecutive five-year term as president; the next elections are scheduled for October 2009. Tunisia has long taken a moderate, non-aligned stance in its foreign relations. Domestically, it has sought to defuse rising pressure for a more open political society.
Location
Definition
Northern Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Algeria and Libya
Geographic coordinates
Definition
34 00 N, 9 00 E
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 163,610 sq km
land: 155,360 sq km
water: 8,250 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly larger than Georgia
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 1,424 km
border countries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km
Coastline
Definition
1,148 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 12 nm
Climate
Definition
temperate in north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers; desert in south
Terrain
Definition
mountains in north; hot, dry central plain; semiarid south merges into the Sahara
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Shatt al Gharsah -17 m
highest point: Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m
Natural resources
Definition
petroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 17.05%
permanent crops: 13.08%
other: 69.87% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
3,940 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
4.6 cu km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 2.64 cu km/yr (14%/4%/82%)
per capita: 261 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
toxic and hazardous waste disposal is ineffective and poses health risks; water pollution from raw sewage; limited natural fresh water resources; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note
Definition
strategic location in central Mediterranean; Malta and Tunisia are discussing the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for oil exploration


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com