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Tokelau:
Geography

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Tokelau Page


Background
Definition
Originally settled by Polynesian emigrants from surrounding island groups, the Tokelau Islands were made a British protectorate in 1889. They were transferred to New Zealand administration in 1925. Referenda held in 2006 and 2007 to change the status of the islands from that of a New Zealand territory to one of free association with New Zealand did not meet the needed threshold for approval.
Location
Definition
Oceania, group of three atolls in the South Pacific Ocean, about one-half of the way from Hawaii to New Zealand
Geographic coordinates
Definition
9 00 S, 172 00 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 10 sq km
land: 10 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 17 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
101 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; moderated by trade winds (April to November)
Terrain
Definition
low-lying coral atolls enclosing large lagoons
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 5 m
Natural resources
Definition
NEGL
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0% (soil is thin and infertile)
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
lies in Pacific typhoon belt
Environment - current issues
Definition
limited natural resources and overcrowding are contributing to emigration to New Zealand
Geography - note
Definition
consists of three atolls (Atafu, Fakaofo, Nukunonu), each with a lagoon surrounded by a number of reef-bound islets of varying length and rising to over 3 m above sea level


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