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Turks and Caicos Islands:
Geography

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Turks and Caicos Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of the Turks and Caicos Islands:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
The islands were part of the UK's Jamaican colony until 1962, when they assumed the status of a separate crown colony upon Jamaica's independence. The governor of The Bahamas oversaw affairs from 1965 to 1973. With Bahamian independence, the islands received a separate governor in 1973. Although independence was agreed upon for 1982, the policy was reversed and the islands remain a British overseas territory.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, two island groups in the North Atlantic Ocean, southeast of The Bahamas, north of Haiti
Geographic coordinates
Definition
21 45 N, 71 35 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 430 sq km
land: 430 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
389 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; marine; moderated by trade winds; sunny and relatively dry
Terrain
Definition
low, flat limestone; extensive marshes and mangrove swamps
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Blue Hills 49 m
Natural resources
Definition
spiny lobster, conch
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 2.33%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 97.67% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
frequent hurricanes
Environment - current issues
Definition
limited natural fresh water resources, private cisterns collect rainwater
Geography - note
Definition
about 40 islands (eight inhabited)


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