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Singapore:
Geography

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Background
Definition
Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963 but separated two years later and became independent. Singapore subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GDP equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.
Location
Definition
Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia
Geographic coordinates
Definition
1 22 N, 103 48 E
Map references
Definition
Southeast Asia
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 692.7 sq km
land: 682.7 sq km
water: 10 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
193 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 3 nm
exclusive fishing zone: within and beyond territorial sea, as defined in treaties and practice
Climate
Definition
tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon (December to March) and Southwestern monsoon (June to September); inter-monsoon - frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms
Terrain
Definition
lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish, deepwater ports
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 1.47%
permanent crops: 1.47%
other: 97.06% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
0.6 cu km (1975)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.19 cu km/yr (45%/51%/4%)
per capita: 44 cu m/yr (1975)
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
focal point for Southeast Asian sea routes


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