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San Marino:
Geography

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San Marino Page


Background
Definition
The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy; social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
Location
Definition
Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Geographic coordinates
Definition
43 46 N, 12 25 E
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 61.2 sq km
land: 61.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about one third times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrain
Definition
rugged mountains
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
Natural resources
Definition
building stone
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines


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