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Slovenia:
Geography

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Background
Definition
The Slovene lands were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the latter's dissolution at the end of World War I. In 1918, the Slovenes joined the Serbs and Croats in forming a new multinational state, which was named Yugoslavia in 1929. After World War II, Slovenia became a republic of the renewed Yugoslavia, which though Communist, distanced itself from Moscow's rule. Dissatisfied with the exercise of power by the majority Serbs, the Slovenes succeeded in establishing their independence in 1991 after a short 10-day war. Historical ties to Western Europe, a strong economy, and a stable democracy have assisted in Slovenia's transformation to a modern state. Slovenia acceded to both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Location
Definition
Central Europe, eastern Alps bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Austria and Croatia
Geographic coordinates
Definition
46 07 N, 14 49 E
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 20,273 sq km
land: 20,151 sq km
water: 122 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 1,370 km
border countries: Austria 318 km, Croatia 670 km, Hungary 102 km, Italy 280 km
Coastline
Definition
46.6 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
Climate
Definition
Mediterranean climate on the coast, continental climate with mild to hot summers and cold winters in the plateaus and valleys to the east
Terrain
Definition
a short coastal strip on the Adriatic, an alpine mountain region adjacent to Italy and Austria, mixed mountains and valleys with numerous rivers to the east
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Adriatic Sea 0 m
highest point: Triglav 2,864 m
Natural resources
Definition
lignite coal, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 8.53%
permanent crops: 1.43%
other: 90.04% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
30 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
32.1 cu km (2005)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.9
per capita: 457 cu m/yr (2002)
Natural hazards
Definition
flooding and earthquakes
Environment - current issues
Definition
Sava River polluted with domestic and industrial waste; pollution of coastal waters with heavy metals and toxic chemicals; forest damage near Koper from air pollution (originating at metallurgical and chemical plants) and resulting acid rain
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
despite its small size, this eastern Alpine country controls some of Europe's major transit routes


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