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Seychelles:
Geography

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Seychelles Page


Other pages in this profile of the Seychelles:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. Independence came in 1976. Socialist rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was re-elected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James MICHEL took over the presidency and in July 2006 was elected to a new five-year term.
Location
Definition
archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of Madagascar
Geographic coordinates
Definition
4 35 S, 55 40 E
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 455 sq km
land: 455 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
491 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate
Definition
tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)
Terrain
Definition
Mahe Group is granitic, narrow coastal strip, rocky, hilly; others are coral, flat, elevated reefs
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne Seychellois 905 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish, copra, cinnamon trees
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 2.17%
permanent crops: 13.04%
other: 84.79% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; short droughts possible
Environment - current issues
Definition
water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
41 granitic and about 75 coralline islands


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