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Saint Kitts and Nevis:
Geography

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Saint Kitts and Nevis Page


Other pages in this profile of Saint Kitts and Nevis:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
First settled by the British in 1623, the islands became an associated state with full internal autonomy in 1967. The island of Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and Nevis achieved independence in 1983. In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a referendum to separate from Saint Kitts fell short of the two-thirds majority needed. Nevis continues in its efforts to try and separate from Saint Kitts.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean Sea, about one-third of the way from Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
Definition
17 20 N, 62 45 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq km; Nevis 93 sq km)
land: 261 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
135 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental margin
Climate
Definition
tropical, tempered by constant sea breezes; little seasonal temperature variation; rainy season (May to November)
Terrain
Definition
volcanic with mountainous interiors
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156 m
Natural resources
Definition
arable land
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 19.44%
permanent crops: 2.78%
other: 77.78% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
0.02 cu km (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
hurricanes (July to October)
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
with coastlines in the shape of a baseball bat and ball, the two volcanic islands are separated by a 3-km-wide channel called The Narrows; on the southern tip of long, baseball bat-shaped Saint Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond; Nevis Peak sits in the center of its almost circular namesake island and its ball shape complements that of its sister island


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