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Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
Geography

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Saint Pierre and Miquelon Page


Other pages in this profile of Saint Pierre and Miquelon:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
First settled by the French in the early 17th century, the islands represent the sole remaining vestige of France's once vast North American possessions.
Location
Definition
Northern North America, islands in the North Atlantic Ocean, south of Newfoundland (Canada)
Geographic coordinates
Definition
46 50 N, 56 20 W
Map references
Definition
North America
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 242 sq km
land: 242 sq km
water: 0 sq km
note: includes eight small islands in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon groups
Area - comparative
Definition
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
120 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
cold and wet, with much mist and fog; spring and autumn are windy
Terrain
Definition
mostly barren rock
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Morne de la Grande Montagne 240 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish, deepwater ports
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 12.5%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 87.5% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
persistent fog throughout the year can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues
Definition
recent test drilling for oil in waters around Saint Pierre and Miquelon may bring future development that would impact the environment
Geography - note
Definition
vegetation scanty


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