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Paraguay:
Geography

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Paraguay Page


Background
Definition
In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70) - between Paraguay and Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay - Paraguay lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, Paraguay won large, economically important areas from Bolivia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER ended in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, Paraguay has held relatively free and regular presidential elections since then.
Location
Definition
Central South America, northeast of Argentina
Geographic coordinates
Definition
23 00 S, 58 00 W
Map references
Definition
South America
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 406,750 sq km
land: 397,300 sq km
water: 9,450 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly smaller than California
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 3,995 km
border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,365 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
subtropical to temperate; substantial rainfall in the eastern portions, becoming semiarid in the far west
Terrain
Definition
grassy plains and wooded hills east of Rio Paraguay; Gran Chaco region west of Rio Paraguay mostly low, marshy plain near the river, and dry forest and thorny scrub elsewhere
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: junction of Rio Paraguay and Rio Parana 46 m
highest point: Cerro Pero (Cerro Tres Kandu) 842 m
Natural resources
Definition
hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 7.47%
permanent crops: 0.24%
other: 92.29% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
670 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
336 cu km (2000)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.49 cu km/yr (20%/8%/71%)
per capita: 80 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
local flooding in southeast (early September to June); poorly drained plains may become boggy (early October to June)
Environment - current issues
Definition
deforestation; water pollution; inadequate means for waste disposal pose health risks for many urban residents; loss of wetlands
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; lies between Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil; population concentrated in southern part of country


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