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Norfolk Island:
Geography

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Norfolk Island Page


Other pages in this profile of Norfolk Island:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
Two British attempts at establishing the island as a penal colony (1788-1814 and 1825-55) were ultimately abandoned. In 1856, the island was resettled by Pitcairn Islanders, descendants of the Bounty mutineers and their Tahitian companions.
Location
Definition
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
Geographic coordinates
Definition
29 02 S, 167 57 E
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 34.6 sq km
land: 34.6 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 0.2 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
32 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
subtropical; mild, little seasonal temperature variation
Terrain
Definition
volcanic formation with mostly rolling plains
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mount Bates 319 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
typhoons (especially May to July)
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
most of the 32 km coastline consists of almost inaccessible cliffs, but the land slopes down to the sea in one small southern area on Sydney Bay, where the capital of Kingston is situated


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