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Niue:
Geography

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Niue Page


Background
Definition
Niue's remoteness, as well as cultural and linguistic differences between its Polynesian inhabitants and those of the rest of the Cook Islands, have caused it to be separately administered. The population of the island continues to drop (from a peak of 5,200 in 1966 to an estimated 1,444 in 2008), with substantial emigration to New Zealand, 2,400 km to the southwest.
Location
Definition
Oceania, island in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Tonga
Geographic coordinates
Definition
19 02 S, 169 52 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 260 sq km
land: 260 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
64 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; modified by southeast trade winds
Terrain
Definition
steep limestone cliffs along coast, central plateau
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location near Mutalau settlement 68 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish, arable land
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 11.54%
permanent crops: 15.38%
other: 73.08% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
typhoons
Environment - current issues
Definition
increasing attention to conservationist practices to counter loss of soil fertility from traditional slash and burn agriculture
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Law of the Sea
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
one of world's largest coral islands


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