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Moldova:
Geography

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Moldova Page


Background
Definition
Formerly part of Romania, Moldova was incorporated into the Soviet Union at the close of World War II. Although independent from the USSR since 1991, Russian forces have remained on Moldovan territory east of the Dniester River supporting the Slavic majority population, mostly Ukrainians and Russians, who have proclaimed a "Transnistria" republic. One of the poorest nations in Europe, Moldova became the first former Soviet state to elect a Communist as its president in 2001.
Location
Definition
Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania
Geographic coordinates
Definition
47 00 N, 29 00 E
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 33,843 sq km
land: 33,371 sq km
water: 472 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly larger than Maryland
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 1,389 km
border countries: Romania 450 km, Ukraine 939 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
moderate winters, warm summers
Terrain
Definition
rolling steppe, gradual slope south to Black Sea
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Dniester River 2 m
highest point: Dealul Balanesti 430 m
Natural resources
Definition
lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 54.52%
permanent crops: 8.81%
other: 36.67% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
3,000 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
11.7 cu km (1997)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 2.31 cu km/yr (10%/58%/33%)
per capita: 549 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
landslides
Environment - current issues
Definition
heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; well endowed with various sedimentary rocks and minerals including sand, gravel, gypsum, and limestone


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