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Macau:
Geography

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Macau Page


Background
Definition
Colonized by the Portuguese in the 16th century, Macau was the first European settlement in the Far East. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and Portugal on 13 April 1987, Macau became the Macau Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 20 December 1999. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be practiced in Macau, and that Macau would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.
Location
Definition
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates
Definition
22 10 N, 113 33 E
Map references
Definition
Southeast Asia
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 28.2 sq km
land: 28.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
less than one-sixth the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 0.34 km
regional border: China 0.34 km
Coastline
Definition
41 km
Maritime claims
Definition
not specified
Climate
Definition
subtropical; marine with cool winters, warm summers
Terrain
Definition
generally flat
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Coloane Alto 172.4 m
Natural resources
Definition
NEGL
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
typhoons
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Geography - note
Definition
essentially urban; an area of land reclaimed from the sea measuring 5.2 sq km and known as Cotai now connects the islands of Coloane and Taipa; the island area is connected to the mainland peninsula by three bridges


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