header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Madagascar:
Geography

Flag of Madagascar
Click to enlarge

Madagascar Page


Background
Definition
Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA is now in his second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006.
Location
Definition
Southern Africa, island in the Indian Ocean, east of Mozambique
Geographic coordinates
Definition
20 00 S, 47 00 E
Map references
Definition
Africa
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 587,040 sq km
land: 581,540 sq km
water: 5,500 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly less than twice the size of Arizona
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
4,828 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm or 100 nm from the 2,500-m isobath
Climate
Definition
tropical along coast, temperate inland, arid in south
Terrain
Definition
narrow coastal plain, high plateau and mountains in center
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Maromokotro 2,876 m
Natural resources
Definition
graphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 5.03%
permanent crops: 1.02%
other: 93.95% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
10,860 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
337 cu km (1984)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 14.96 cu km/yr (3%/2%/96%)
per capita: 804 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
periodic cyclones, drought, and locust infestation
Environment - current issues
Definition
soil erosion results from deforestation and overgrazing; desertification; surface water contaminated with raw sewage and other organic wastes; several endangered species of flora and fauna unique to the island
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
world's fourth-largest island; strategic location along Mozambique Channel


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com