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Palmyra Atoll:
Geography

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Palmyra Atoll Page


Background
Definition
The Kingdom of Hawaii claimed the atoll in 1862, and the US included it among the Hawaiian Islands when it annexed the archipelago in 1898. The Hawaii Statehood Act of 1959 did not include Palmyra Atoll, which is now privately owned by the Nature Conservancy. This organization is managing the atoll as a nature preserve. The lagoons and surrounding waters within the 12 nautical mile US territorial seas were transferred to the US Fish and Wildlife Service and were designated a National Wildlife Refuge in January 2001.
Location
Definition
Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and American Samoa
Geographic coordinates
Definition
5 52 N, 162 04 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition
total: 11.9 sq km
land: 11.9 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 20 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
14.5 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
equatorial, hot, and very rainy
Terrain
Definition
very low
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 2 m
Natural resources
Definition
terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use
Definition
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (forests and woodlands) (2005)
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
about 50 islets covered with dense vegetation, coconut trees, and balsa-like trees up to 30 meters tall


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