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Slovakia:
Geography

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Background
Definition
The dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the close of World War I allowed the Slovaks to join the closely related Czechs to form Czechoslovakia. Following the chaos of World War II, Czechoslovakia became a Communist nation within Soviet-dominated Eastern Europe. Soviet influence collapsed in 1989 and Czechoslovakia once more became free. The Slovaks and the Czechs agreed to separate peacefully on 1 January 1993. Slovakia joined both NATO and the EU in the spring of 2004.
Location
Definition
Central Europe, south of Poland
Geographic coordinates
Definition
48 40 N, 19 30 E
Map references
Definition
Europe
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 48,845 sq km
land: 48,800 sq km
water: 45 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about twice the size of New Hampshire
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 1,524 km
border countries: Austria 91 km, Czech Republic 215 km, Hungary 677 km, Poland 444 km, Ukraine 97 km
Coastline
Definition
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims
Definition
none (landlocked)
Climate
Definition
temperate; cool summers; cold, cloudy, humid winters
Terrain
Definition
rugged mountains in the central and northern part and lowlands in the south
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Bodrok River 94 m
highest point: Gerlachovsky Stit 2,655 m
Natural resources
Definition
brown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 29.23%
permanent crops: 2.67%
other: 68.1% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
1,830 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
50.1 cu km (2003)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 1.04
per capita: 193 cu m/yr (2003)
Natural hazards
Definition
NA
Environment - current issues
Definition
air pollution from metallurgical plants presents human health risks; acid rain damaging forests
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulfur 85, Air Pollution-Sulfur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
landlocked; most of the country is rugged and mountainous; the Tatra Mountains in the north are interspersed with many scenic lakes and valleys


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