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Kingman Reef:
Geography

Flag of Kingman Reef
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Kingman Reef Page


Background
Definition
The US annexed the reef in 1922. Its sheltered lagoon served as a way station for flying boats on Hawaii-to-American Samoa flights during the late 1930s. There are no terrestrial plants on the reef, which is frequently awash, but it does support abundant and diverse marine fauna and flora. In 2001, the waters surrounding the reef out to 12 nm were designated a US National Wildlife Refuge.
Location
Definition
Oceania, reef in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and American Samoa
Geographic coordinates
Definition
6 24 N, 162 22 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition
total: 1 sq km
land: 1 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 1.7 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
3 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; moderated by prevailing winds
Terrain
Definition
low and nearly level
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 1 m
Natural resources
Definition
terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use
Definition
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Natural hazards
Definition
wet or awash most of the time, maximum elevation of about 1 meter makes Kingman Reef a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues
Definition
none
Geography - note
Definition
barren coral atoll with deep interior lagoon; closed to the public


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