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Jan Mayen:
Geography

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Background
Definition
This desolate, arctic, mountainous island was named after a Dutch whaling captain who indisputably discovered it in 1614 (earlier claims are inconclusive). Visited only occasionally by seal hunters and trappers over the following centuries, the island came under Norwegian sovereignty in 1929. The long dormant Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg volcano resumed activity in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985. It is the northernmost active volcano on earth.
Location
Definition
Northern Europe, island between the Greenland Sea and the Norwegian Sea, northeast of Iceland
Geographic coordinates
Definition
71 00 N, 8 00 W
Map references
Definition
Arctic Region
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 377 sq km
land: 377 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly more than twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
124.1 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 4 nm
contiguous zone: 10 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: 200 m depth or to the depth of exploitation
Climate
Definition
arctic maritime with frequent storms and persistent fog
Terrain
Definition
volcanic island, partly covered by glaciers
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Norwegian Sea 0 m
highest point: Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg 2,277 m
Natural resources
Definition
none
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
dominated by the volcano Haakon VII Toppen/Beerenberg; volcanic activity resumed in 1970; the most recent eruption occurred in 1985
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
barren volcanic island with some moss and grass


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