header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Honduras:
Geography

Flag of Honduras
Click to enlarge

Honduras Page


Background
Definition
Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. The country was devastated by Hurricane Mitch in 1998, which killed about 5,600 people and caused approximately $2 billion in damage.
Location
Definition
Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua
Geographic coordinates
Definition
15 00 N, 86 30 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 112,090 sq km
land: 111,890 sq km
water: 200 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly larger than Tennessee
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 1,520 km
border countries: Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km
Coastline
Definition
820 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
contiguous zone: 24 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
continental shelf: natural extension of territory or to 200 nm
Climate
Definition
subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains
Terrain
Definition
mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m
Natural resources
Definition
timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 9.53%
permanent crops: 3.21%
other: 87.26% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
800 sq km (2003)
Total renewable water resources
Definition
95.9 cu km (2000)
Freshwater withdrawal (domestic/industrial/agricultural)
Definition
total: 0.86 cu km/yr (8%/12%/80%)
per capita: 119 cu m/yr (2000)
Natural hazards
Definition
frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast
Environment - current issues
Definition
urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com