header HomePlacesMapsMap Products & ServicesHotels & TravelDestination GuidesWeb DirectoryContact

Heard Island and McDonald Islands:
Geography

Flag of Heard Island and McDonald Islands
Click to enlarge

Heard Island and McDonald Islands Page


Other pages in this profile of Heard Island and McDonald Islands:
People, Government, Economy, Communications & Transportation, Military & Transnational Issues.
Background
Definition
These uninhabited, barren, sub-Antarctic islands were transferred from the UK to Australia in 1947. Populated by large numbers of seal and bird species, the islands have been designated a nature preserve.
Location
Definition
islands in the Indian Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica
Geographic coordinates
Definition
53 06 S, 72 31 E
Map references
Definition
Antarctic Region
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 412 sq km
land: 412 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
slightly more than two times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
101.9 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
antarctic
Terrain
Definition
Heard Island - 80% ice-covered, bleak and mountainous, dominated by a large massif (Big Ben) and an active volcano (Mawson Peak); McDonald Islands - small and rocky
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
highest point: Mawson Peak, on Big Ben 2,745 m
Natural resources
Definition
fish
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
Mawson Peak, an active volcano, is on Heard Island
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Geography - note
Definition
Mawson Peak on Heard Island is the highest Australian mountain (at 2,745 meters, it is taller than Mt. Kosciuszko in Australia proper), and one of only two active volcanoes located in Australian territory, the other being McDonald Island; in 1992, McDonald Island broke its dormancy and began erupting; it has erupted several times since, the most recent being in 2005


Google
 
Web sitesatlas.com