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Hong Kong:
Geography

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Hong Kong Page


Background
Definition
Occupied by the UK in 1841, Hong Kong was formally ceded by China the following year; various adjacent lands were added later in the 19th century. Pursuant to an agreement signed by China and the UK on 19 December 1984, Hong Kong became the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) of China on 1 July 1997. In this agreement, China promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system would not be imposed on Hong Kong and that Hong Kong would enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs for the next 50 years.
Location
Definition
Eastern Asia, bordering the South China Sea and China
Geographic coordinates
Definition
22 15 N, 114 10 E
Map references
Definition
Southeast Asia
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 1,092 sq km
land: 1,042 sq km
water: 50 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
six times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
total: 30 km
regional border: China 30 km
Coastline
Definition
733 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 3 nm
Climate
Definition
subtropical monsoon; cool and humid in winter, hot and rainy from spring through summer, warm and sunny in fall
Terrain
Definition
hilly to mountainous with steep slopes; lowlands in north
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: South China Sea 0 m
highest point: Tai Mo Shan 958 m
Natural resources
Definition
outstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 5.05%
permanent crops: 1.01%
other: 93.94% (2001)
Irrigated land
Definition
20 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards
Definition
occasional typhoons
Environment - current issues
Definition
air and water pollution from rapid urbanization
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Marine Dumping (associate member), Ship Pollution (associate member)
Geography - note
Definition
more than 200 islands


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