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Grenada:
Geography

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Grenada Page


Background
Definition
Carib Indians inhabited Grenada when COLUMBUS discovered the island in 1498, but it remained uncolonized for more than a century. The French settled Grenada in the 17th century, established sugar estates, and imported large numbers of African slaves. Britain took the island in 1762 and vigorously expanded sugar production. In the 19th century, cacao eventually surpassed sugar as the main export crop; in the 20th century, nutmeg became the leading export. In 1967, Britain gave Grenada autonomy over its internal affairs. Full independence was attained in 1974, making Grenada one of the smallest independent countries in the Western Hemisphere. Grenada was seized by a Marxist military council on 19 October 1983. Six days later the island was invaded by US forces and those of six other Caribbean nations, which quickly captured the ringleaders and their hundreds of Cuban advisers. Free elections were reinstituted the following year and have continued since that time. Hurricane Ivan struck Grenada in September of 2004 causing severe damage.
Location
Definition
Caribbean, island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago
Geographic coordinates
Definition
12 07 N, 61 40 W
Map references
Definition
Central America and the Caribbean
Area
Definition - World rank and map
total: 344 sq km
land: 344 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
twice the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
121 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
tropical; tempered by northeast trade winds
Terrain
Definition
volcanic in origin with central mountains
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
highest point: Mount Saint Catherine 840 m
Natural resources
Definition
timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Land use
Definition - World rank and map
arable land: 5.88%
permanent crops: 29.41%
other: 64.71% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
NA
Total renewable water resources
Definition
NA
Natural hazards
Definition
lies on edge of hurricane belt; hurricane season lasts from June to November
Environment - current issues
Definition
NA
Environment - international agreements
Definition
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Whaling
signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography - note
Definition
the administration of the islands of the Grenadines group is divided between Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Grenada


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