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Baker Island:
Geography

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Baker Island Page


Background
Definition
The US took possession of the island in 1857, and its guano deposits were mined by US and British companies during the second half of the 19th century. In 1935, a short-lived attempt at colonization was begun on this island - as well as on nearby Howland Island - but was disrupted by World War II and thereafter abandoned. Presently the island is a National Wildlife Refuge run by the US Department of the Interior; a day beacon is situated near the middle of the west coast.
Location
Definition
Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about half way between Hawaii and Australia
Geographic coordinates
Definition
0 13 N, 176 28 W
Map references
Definition
Oceania
Area
Definition
total: 1.4 sq km
land: 1.4 sq km
water: 0 sq km
Area - comparative
Definition
about 2.5 times the size of The Mall in Washington, DC
Land boundaries
Definition
0 km
Coastline
Definition
4.8 km
Maritime claims
Definition
territorial sea: 12 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
Climate
Definition
equatorial; scant rainfall, constant wind, burning sun
Terrain
Definition
low, nearly level coral island surrounded by a narrow fringing reef
Elevation extremes
Definition
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: unnamed location 8 m
Natural resources
Definition
guano (deposits worked until 1891), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Land use
Definition
arable land: 0%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 100% (2005)
Irrigated land
Definition
0 sq km
Natural hazards
Definition
the narrow fringing reef surrounding the island can be a maritime hazard
Environment - current issues
Definition
no natural fresh water resources
Geography - note
Definition
treeless, sparse, and scattered vegetation consisting of grasses, prostrate vines, and low growing shrubs; primarily a nesting, roosting, and foraging habitat for seabirds, shorebirds, and marine wildlife


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